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  • 08/13/2019 12:31 AM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

    Start from the premise that every person who reports a sexual assault deserves a thorough, unbiased investigation

    Aug 6, 2019

      By Catherine Johnson

      The scene of a rape can be very dynamic with a lot of moving parts. Officers are responsible for ensuring the scene is safe, determining if the victim requires medical treatment, preventing the crime scene from being contaminated, and attempting to identify and apprehend the offender(s). All of this must be done while trying to approach the victim in a trauma-informed way and providing constant updates to the chain of command.

      In addition to these factors, it is common for officers to have a pre-conceived idea of what they believe occurred. This pre-conceived idea can be as a result of their own bias, or the bias of the officer(s) who trained them. As a result, things may be missed or simply ignored. This can give victims the feeling they are not believed, and thus that their case is not going to be handled properly. When victims do not feel believed or think their case is not being handled correctly, they may withdraw cooperation resulting in offenders not being held accountable. This can also fuel the officer’s initial bias.

      The scene of a rape can be very dynamic with a lot of moving parts. (Photo/Pixabay)

      I have had the privilege of talking to and working with criminal justice professionals and survivors from all over the world. The problems, challenges and issues surrounding rape investigations are strikingly similar regardless whether they are happening in Ghana or Kansas City. Based on my experience working with both survivors and investigators, it is imperative for investigators to keep an open mind and leave their own biases behind while recognizing what they say and do can impact the direction a case goes, and how the victim is left to feel in their wake. Here are 10 best practices for successful investigations:

      1. Every case, every time

      Investigate each case you are given. Don’t cut corners. Start from the premise that every person who reports a sexual assault deserves a thorough, unbiased investigation. It should not matter if the victim is a wealthy person in a nice home, or a homeless person living under a bridge. Both cases should be given due diligence and handled with the same professionalism and degree of seriousness.

      2. Conduct a victim-centered, offender-focused investigation

      To be victim-centered is to focus on understanding the impact of the trauma and making sure their needs are met.

      One simple way to do this is to ensure the victim has the option of having a victim advocate present during their interview(s). Victim advocates can be one of the best assets in your investigation as they can provide the emotional support needed which allows the investigator to focus on the facts and difficult questions. Victim advocates can also answer questions about victim’s compensation, counseling options and other resources available to them that are not known to the investigator.

      To be offender-focused means focusing on the offender’s actions versus only focusing on the victim’s behavior. For example, if the victim reports she was picked up walking on the street at 2:00 am, it is understood you need to ask why they victim was walking at that time. But it is equally important to also investigate why the offender was out at 2:00 am, why they stopped to pick the victim up and why they committed the crime the victim reported. This leads to including the following types of questions in the sex crime investigation:

      • What kind of criminal history does the offender have? The offender may not have a history of sexual assault, but may have a history of soliciting prostitution, physical assault on women and burglary. Depending on the allegations made, the offender could be increasing their violence.
      • Have there been other reports of people being picked up and victimized in the area that matches this victim’s account? Could this be a serial rapist targeting a vulnerable population? Are there other victims who have not come forward for fear of not being believed?
      • What did the offender have in their car? Is there a weapon or items commonly used to bind a person such as handcuffs, duct tape or rope? Do they have child safety locks engaged which would prevent a person from exiting the vehicle?

      These questions are obviously focused on the scenario above, and many more could be listed, but the intent is to demonstrate what it means to be offender focused.

      3. Begin with the end in mind

      I often hear law enforcement officers complain about the prosecutor’s office being “lazy” and “not doing their job.” Prosecutors often complain officers’ investigations are poor and incomplete. I learned early in my career that prosecutors can only prosecute what they are given. Therefore, if they are given a case that only had the bare minimum completed, then they may not be able to take it to trial.

      It’s critical to talk to your prosecutors when they decline a case. Ask what needs to be done to make the case more prosecutable, then when you do your next investigation include everything they suggested. Sometimes the answer will be nothing. If the facts do not prove a case beyond a reasonable doubt, then the case will not move forward. However, if an investigator begins to look through the lens of beyond a reasonable doubt, and completes a thorough, unbiased investigation, the facts or an explanation for challenging facts, often exists.

      Look for corroboration of statements made by victims, witnesses and suspects. Leave no stone unturned.

      4. Keep an open mind

      In my experience, the more outrageous the story the more likely it actually occurred. Understand most allegations of rape are not false, made for revenge or occur because a victim’s feelings are hurt. If you assume something couldn’t have happened the way it was described, or assume the victim is not credible or the offender couldn’t possibly be a rapist then you will miss important evidence and facts because you will be working to prove your theory instead of working to prove what actually occurred.

      However, if you start by believing the victim and let the facts drive the investigation, you end up with more evidence that means more thorough case files that will result in more offenders being held accountable.

      5. Avoid developing theories about what occurred before having all of the facts present 

      As mentioned above, going into an investigation with an idea of what you think occurred can result in efforts to prove a theory versus being open to all facts. For example, if you look at a woman with a history of prostitution and assume her report is as a result of a lack of payment for services, you may miss the serial rapist who is targeting that specific population.

      Offenders choose their victims, and women being used in prostitution or other vulnerable populations such as drug-addicted, homeless and those with untreated mental illness are often perfect victims in the eyes of an offender because they believe the victim won’t fight back, won’t report or if they do report will be seen as less than credible.

      Look at challenging facts through the lens of an offender. Could the challenging facts actually be vulnerability exploited?

      6. Remember that offenders choose their victims

      When talking to the victim, they will give you indicators of what an offender may see as a vulnerability. For example, if a victim tells you they were extremely inebriated that could be considered a vulnerability. The next question may be, how inebriated was the suspect? Was this a case of two people who were both drunk and engaged in sexual activity, or was this a case of an offender who was in control using the victim’s inebriation and inability to fight back, perceived lack of credibility and possible inability to remember the crime?

      This analysis practice can be used in other areas of vulnerability as well.

      7. Listen to the victim with the intention of hearing and understanding them – not for the purpose of responding

      Be fully present during the interview. Listening is actually the most difficult part of an interview because one must shut down that innate sense of wanting to respond, or the thoughts of what needs to be done next.

      By actively shutting down your other thoughts and focusing completely on what the victim is saying, the victim will feel they are being heard. By being fully engaged and focusing completely on what the victim is saying investigators may also learn about additional witnesses, evidence or explanations for something they may not have previously understood. The devil is in the details.

      It is often the smallest detail, that initially does not seem important that can be the tipping point in the investigation.

      8. Be trauma-informed

      Understand trauma and how it relates to a victim’s ability to recall events. Individuals who have experienced trauma may not be able to relay information in a linear fashion and may forget (or simply not have a memory of) certain things. When practical, give the traumatized person 24 to 48 hours before requiring a full statement. Let them provide the information in the way that they remember.

      This best practice enables you to get more robust statements, and it allows for fewer inconsistencies.

      9. Realize that inconsistencies are not necessarily intentional lies

      As stated above, trauma impacts a person’s ability to recall events. The gaps created in their memory may never return or they may take several days to return. Do not assume because the victim changes the order of events, adds a detail previously omitted or shares additional information they are lying. In some cases, it is trauma that explains the change, and, in some cases, it is because the investigator has gained the victim’s trust and they now feel safe to share the information. For example, a man initially reports a robbery to law enforcement but later discloses a rape. The rape was not disclosed because the victim was lying, but because the victim felt safe with the investigator.

      Take the information without judgement and continue to investigate.

      10. Consider what success looks like in your investigations

      Success is not necessarily measured by the closure of cases or rate of prosecution, but instead can be measured by victims feeling they were heard, taken seriously and supported.

      Ultimately, be the investigator you would want for yourself or your loved one.


    • 08/13/2019 12:29 AM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

      Following violent protests, the chief of police in Portland suggested that the city ban the wearing of masks during protests

      Aug 9, 2019

      Following violent protests that left several people injured—including a conservative journalist who was badly beaten by protesters, the chief of police in Portland, Oregon suggested that the city pass a law that bans the wearing of masks during protests. Citing the fact that other states have laws prohibiting the wearing of masks during the commission of a crime, Portland Police Chief Danielle Outlaw suggested that the city institute the restrictions on masks at protests and demonstrations.

      The Oregon ACLU opposes the proposal—they do tend to side politically with the people who tend to wear masks at rallies—but others in both government and private sectors see some benefit to the idea. In this podcast segment, Jim and Doug discuss whether or not such a proposal would even pass in the City of Roses.


    • 08/13/2019 12:24 AM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

      Officers stopped the suspect moments before he entered a bar

      Aug 5, 2019

        Dayton Daily News, Ohio

        DAYTON, Ohio — The Dayton police officers who engaged a shooter in the Oregon District early Sunday morning have been identified.

        Video: https://youtu.be/FquDIetgiu4

        Video above shows the officers stop the suspect moments before he would have entered Ned Pepper’s bar.

        The six officers are:

        Sgt. William C. Knight, sworn in Feb. 14, 1997

        Officer Brian Rolfes, sworn in April 8, 2016

        Officer Jeremy Campbell, sworn in Aug. 5, 2016

        Officer Vincent Carter, sworn in April 8, 2016

        Officer Ryan Nabel, sworn in April 8, 2016

        Officer David Denlinger, sworn in April 8, 2016

        It is not known which officer shot and killed the suspected shooter, Connor Betts, 24 of Bellbrook.

        All the officers are on administrative leave, which is protocol for officer-involved shootings.

        Nine people were killed during the incident and 27 were injured.

        ©2019 the Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio)


      • 08/13/2019 12:19 AM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

        It marks his first public appearance since being shot multiple times outside his home

        Yesterday at 11:52 AM

        By Phil Davis
        The Baltimore Sun

        BALTIMORE — The off-duty sergeant who was shot multiple times near his home in Northeast Baltimore on Thursday is awake and speaking, saying in a new video, “I’ll be back.”

        Appearing in a YouTube video, Sgt. Isaac Carrington, 43, speaks only briefly from his hospital bed, telling the audience “I love you all” before saying the police code signal “10-8,” meaning he is an in-service officer.


        Video:  https://youtu.be/nNIPYs-Ta1M


        “I’ll be back,” Carrington says, before waving at the camera.

        It marks his first public appearance since being shot multiple times outside his home in the 5600 block of Summerfield Ave. in Frankford.

        Baltimore police said Carrington was shot around 3:30 p.m. Thursday while he was off-duty and hanging out in front of his home with a neighbor.

        The department said a car pulled up in front of the two and at least one masked man carrying a gun tried to rob them. Police said Harrington and his neighbor ran in opposite directions and the masked man chased after Carrington, shooting him multiple times.

        The sergeant was taken to the University of Maryland Shock Trauma Center in critical condition as police scoured the city in search of the suspects.

        The Baltimore City Fraternal Order of Police Lodge 3 tweeted just after noon Saturday that his condition had been upgraded to “stable” and that he was able to squeeze the hands of hospital staff.

        Police took two people into custody Saturday after the department said a vehicle similar to the one used by the suspects was located in southwest Baltimore County.

        However, in the video, Police Commissioner Michael Harrison says the department is still looking for the shooter.

        “He still has a long way to go, but our prayers have been answered," Harrison said. “And now we all have to rally around getting him healed and making sure we find who did this to hold them accountable.”

        ©2019 The Baltimore Sun


      • 06/06/2019 1:23 AM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

        Several students tried to pull an officer off a student who was resisting arrest, causing a brawl with about 80 students, police and staff

        May 28, 2019

        Nicholas Filipas
        The Record, Stockton, Calif.

        STOCKTON, Calif. — Bear Creek High School was placed on lockdown Friday morning after as many as 80 students were involved in a physical altercation with police as they detained one student for fighting with staff.

        An unruly student was reported to have been uncooperative and fighting school staff and a school resource officer about 10:46 a.m. at the campus, located at 10555 Thornton Road in north Stockton

        When Stockton police arrived to detain the subject, the student instead resisted and the commotion drew the attention of about 80 other students, authorities said.

        Cellphone video of the incident that circulated on social media showed several students trying to pull an officer off the juvenile and throwing objects.

        As more police officers responded, they were reportedly struck by several students, and a garbage can was thrown at authorities and school staff, according to the report.

        The rowdy student was eventually detained and had to be escorted off campus due to the size of the crowd, officers said.

        Lodi Unified officials said in a statement that in an abundance of caution, Bear Creek High was placed on lockdown for several minutes before it was lifted.

        Police said no officers, school staff or students were injured in the brawl. The original disruptive student was cited for resisting arrest.

        In the same statement, the district said it will continue to work closely with police as they conduct their investigation.

        https://youtu.be/ZJf54tDJ8P8


      • 06/06/2019 12:10 AM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

        Tanika Turner

        TSPA Representative 

        Every year in Washington D.C. officers from all of over the United States and Canada gather to celebrate the memory of police officers who have lost their lives in the line of duty. National Police Week is in their 38th year of operation. This year, thee gathering kicked off May 12, 2019. A series of events led to the finale, the memorial service with President Donald Trump as the keynote speaker.

        The events begin with the 5k race. Walkers and runners of all ages join together at the capitol to complete the race in honor of fallen law enforcement.  The 5k race is hosted by the Officer Down Memorial Page. On this page you are able to view officers who have passed away or report officers who have passed.

        The next day is the Law Enforcement United Bike Ride which began in Alexandria, Virginia. Their slogan “We Ride for Those Who Died” stresses the main purpose of the ride is to raise awareness to fallen officers. The organizations second goal is to raise money for the National Law Enforcement Officer’s Memorial and museum. According to the Police Unity Tour website they were able to donate $2.6 million this year to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund.

        The Candlelight Vigil has been a tradition that has been going on for 31 years. The street is corded off by a trail of motorcycles. People in both uniforms and plain clothes walk toward the National Mall. With the Washington Monument as a backdrop, it creates a dramatic picture. Books are given out that show the breakdown of ceremonies, with the ending being the calling of names that are being added to the memorial.

        This year, Texas had 11 officers killed in the line of duty. As each name was read, the gong of a bell could be heard. The crowd, originally lit by large lights is now lit by thousands of white pillar candles. Fathers hold their children closer and women comfort each other.

        As you sit back and look at the lit candles and all of the people holding each other, it is visual proof that the brotherhood is real. Officers, family of officers and blue supporters all come together at one spot at one time to honor the memory of those who gave the greatest sacrifice.

        One of the traditions during National Police Week is the exchange of patches. Police from all over bring their police department’s patches and trade them with other agencies. The most sought after patch is at times the patch where the largest incident has occurred.

        The hangout spot of choice is Tent City. There you can listen to music, enjoy great food or buy drinks with your friends. With over 80 vendors, you can find almost all the police gear you would like. With operating hours of 11:00 a.m. until 2 a.m., it is a safe place to have fun and hang out with all of the new law enforcement you have met.

         The D.C. Fraternal Order of Police provide a shuttle from their lodge to the vigil, the navy yard metro station, tent city and the Kelly’s Irish Times bar.

        The 38th National Peace Officers’ Memorial Service is the last event of police week. Officers, all dressed in class A uniform, stand together with their departments as speeches are given. On the west front of the United States Capitol, Donald Trump addresses the crowd.

         “Your loved ones were extraordinary and selfless Americans who gave everything they had in defense of our communities, our children and our nation.” Trump said.

        Trump went on to tell the crowd that he will always support the brothers and sisters in blue. Trump vocalized his condemnation of anti-police rhetoric. He said that those who file false police reports should face legal consequences.

        After the tribute to officers, Trump spoke of Corporal Singh, an officer who was killed around Christmas time during a traffic stop by someone who crossed the border. The president then used that time to talk about immigration.

        NPW provides a time of bonding for all officers involved. If ever you wanted a reminder of why you do the job you do, it is laid out for your eyes to see the entire week.



      • 05/30/2019 10:09 PM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

        The suspect was charged with capital murder and attempted murder

        Duty Death: Officer William Buechner - [Auburn, Alabama]

        End of Service: 05/20/2019

        May 20, 2019

        _____________________________________________________________________


        Associated Press

        AUBURN, Ala. — A man who opened fire on police responding to a domestic disturbance report, killing one officer and wounding two others, was arrested on Monday and charged with capital murder, authorities said.

        Grady Wayne Wilkes, 29, was being held without bond in the shooting death of Officer William Buechner, who had been with the Auburn Police Division for more than 13 years.

        <img class="ContentAside-img" src="https://media-praetorian.netdna-ssl.com/article-images/Officer%20William%20Buechner.jpg?w=300&amp;format=jpg&amp;quality=87" alt="Officer William Buechner, who was killed while responding to a domestic disturbance report on Sunday, May 19, 2019. (Auburn Police Department via AP)" data-responsive-img > Officer William Buechner, who was killed while responding to a domestic disturbance report on Sunday, May 19, 2019. (Auburn Police Department via AP)Officer William Buechner, who was killed while responding to a domestic disturbance report on Sunday, May 19, 2019. (Auburn Police Department via AP)

        Related article

        Wilkes also was charged with attempted murder in the wounding of officers Webb Sistrunk and Evan Elliott, said Police Chief Paul Register. Both are expected to recover.

        District Attorney Brandon Hughes said authorities would seek capital punishment: "If you shoot a police officer, we're going to seek the death penalty, absolutely," he said.

        The chief described Wilkes as a former member of the military who was working in the area and hadn't had previous contact with police. The "Blue Alert" sent out after the officers were shot described him as wearing camouflage body armor and a helmet.

        But with helicopters hovering overhead, he didn't get far. An intense, overnight manhunt led to Wilkes' arrest about nine hours after the shootings, less than a mile from the Arrow Head Trailer Park, where the officers were hit. Information from a citizen helped police and U.S. marshals take him down.

        The chief called the arrest "relatively uneventful" and said no one was injured bringing him into custody. A booking photo released by police showed Wilkes with red marks and apparent bruises on his face, but a police spokesman did not respond to an email seeking information about his appearance.

        The person who called police wasn't hurt, the chief said, but Wilkes also was charged with domestic violence.

        Court records weren't available immediately to show whether Wilkes had a lawyer. Register wouldn't comment on details of the investigation.

        The Lee County coroner Bill Harris said the officer who was killed died in an emergency room.

        "This is probably the worst day of my time here," Register said. "Words cannot express the loss for this family, our family and this community."

        Gov. Kay Ivey decried the violence.

        "This is so tragic and so useless. I'm just heartbroken," she said Monday during an appearance in Montgomery.

        A woman from Coffee County, located south of Auburn, had asked a judge in November for a court order protecting her from abuse by Wilkes, records show.

        She wrote in a court document that Wilkes, who had an Enterprise address at the time, sexually assaulted her while she was incapacitated, and she feared he would harm her after learning she was pressing charges. She is married to another man.

        The judge refused a protection order following a hearing in January, ruling that the woman didn't have a "qualifying relationship" with Wilkes, whom she said she did not know before the alleged assault.

        There is no record of sexual assault charges against Wilkes, who records show doesn't have a criminal record in Alabama.


      • 05/30/2019 10:06 PM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

        The solid bedrock of Graham v. Connor provides a strong foundation for LEOs doing the work few in society are willing to do

        May 23, 2019

          By Lance J. LoRusso, Esq.

          Cited over 54,000 times and the subject of nearly 1,200 law review articles, [1] one cannot overstate the profound effect of the United States Supreme Court’s decision in Graham v. Connor on American law enforcement.

          Often equally praised and maligned, the relatively short decision issued on May 15, 1989, held that the use of force by law enforcement officers (LEOs) must be judged by an objective standard of reasonableness under the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution. However, the rationale of that decision, and the statements made during the discussion, still spur controversy 30 years later.

          <img class="ContentAside-img" src="https://media-praetorian.netdna-ssl.com/article-images/gramv.jpg?w=300&amp;format=jpg&amp;quality=87" alt="Graham v. Connor is an excessive force case arising from the detention and release of a suspicious person by City of Charlotte officer M.S. Connor. (Photo/PoliceOne)" data-responsive-img > Graham v. Connor is an excessive force case arising from the detention and release of a suspicious person by City of Charlotte officer M.S. Connor. (Photo/PoliceOne)Graham v. Connor is an excessive force case arising from the detention and release of a suspicious person by City of Charlotte officer M.S. Connor. (Photo/PoliceOne)

          Related articles

          The excessive force case behind Graham v. Connor

          Graham v. Connor is an excessive force case arising from the detention and release of a suspicious person by City of Charlotte officer M.S. Connor.

          On November 12, 1984, diabetic Dethorne Graham asked his friend to drive him to a convenience store so he could purchase some orange juice as he believed he was about to have an insulin reaction. Facing a long line upon entering the store, Graham quickly exited, got back into his friend’s car and asked him to drive to a friend’s house.

          Graham’s short stay and rapid exit attracted the attention of City of Charlotte (N.C.) police officer M.S. Connor who stopped the car. He detained Graham and the driver until he could establish that nothing untoward occurred at the convenience store.

          During the stop, Graham exited his friend’s car, ran around it and passed out. He was handcuffed and placed onto Connor’s hood. At that point, he came to and pleaded with the officers to get him some sugar. Graham’s friend came to the scene with orange juice, but the officers refused to allow Graham access.

          The officers put Graham into a patrol car but released him after an officer confirmed the convenience store was secure.

          During the encounter, officers reportedly made comments indicating they believed Graham was drunk and cursed at him. Graham reportedly suffered multiple injuries and sued the city and several officers, including Connor, for violating his constitutional rights.

          After the federal trial court granted a directed verdict [2] dismissing all defendants, plaintiff Dethorne Graham appealed to the Federal Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, which upheld the dismissal. The United States Supreme Court reversed and remanded the case back to the Fourth Circuit for reconsideration of the case under a new standard for interpreting law enforcement use of force that would change the legal landscape.

          A standard to analyze police use of force

          The Graham court focused on “unreasonable seizures” and decided all LE use of force must be examined under the Fourth Amendment not the Eighth Amendment, as the latter required some inquiry into the subjective beliefs of the LEO.

          The Fourth Amendment provides, in relevant part: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated.” This was consistent with the Court’s holding three years prior in Tennessee v. Garner, which relied primarily on the Fourth Amendment to review a LEO’s use of force on a fleeing suspect.

          The Court set out a simple standard for courts to analyze law enforcement use of force. The desired standard would be objective as the Eighth Amendment “cruel and unusual punishment” prohibition necessitated too much focus on the subjective beliefs and intentions of the involved LEOs, which may or may not have had any effect on the outcome of the encounter: [3]

          “As in other Fourth Amendment contexts, however, the ‘reasonableness’ inquiry in an excessive force case is an objective one: the question is whether the officers' actions are ‘objectively reasonable’ in light of the facts and circumstances confronting them, without regard to their underlying intent or motivation…An officer's evil intentions will not make a Fourth Amendment violation out of an objectively reasonable use of force; nor will an officer's good intentions make an objectively unreasonable use of force constitutional.”

          The principle is rather straightforward and generally not controversial. However, the remaining analysis sparked a fire of controversy that continues today.

          First, the Court held that the actions of a LEO must be judged from the perspective of a reasonable LEO and not a responsible person. This is significant as most criminal and civil standards incorporate and rely upon a reasonable person or “reasonable man” standard as the law once described it.

          Law enforcement critics found the seeds for their discontent in Justice Rehnquist’s rationale for this standard:

          “The ‘reasonableness’ of a particular use of force must be judged from the perspective of a reasonable officer on the scene, and its calculus must embody an allowance for the fact that police officers are often forced to make split-second decisions about the amount of force necessary in a particular situation.”

          Justice Rehnquist elaborated on the need to perform an objective analysis of the LEO’s actions that poured accelerant on the flames of controversy. Relying upon Terry v. Ohio, the Court stated:

          “Our Fourth Amendment jurisprudence has long recognized that the right to make an arrest or investigatory stop necessarily carries with it the right to use some degree of physical coercion or threat thereof to effect it.”

          Recognizing this would necessitate a fact-based inquiry, the Court provided this instruction:

          “The ‘reasonableness’ of a particular use of force must be judged from the perspective of a reasonable officer on the scene, rather than with the 20/20 vision of hindsight.”

          Finally, the Court unequivocally advised all courts reviewing a LEO’s use of force to consider the imperfect and uncontrolled reality of the environment in which LEOs use force:

          “The calculus of reasonableness must embody allowance for the fact that police officers are often forced to make split-second judgments—in circumstances that are tense, uncertain, and rapidly evolving—about the amount of force that is necessary in a particular situation.”

          The Graham court retained one key rationale from the now overruled Johnson v. Glick case stating:

          “With respect to a claim of excessive force, the same standard of reasonableness at the moment applies: ‘Not every push or shove, even if it may later seem unnecessary in the peace of a judge's chambers,’ Johnson v. Glick, 481 F.2d, at 1033, violates the Fourth Amendment.”

          Graham has long been criticized as dismissing the rights of the subject of LE action. I believe the “reasonable LEO” standard is a thorn in the side of most LE critics who look at videos and apply an untrained, ill-informed analysis to advocate for sanctions against the LEO. Recent critics of Graham have argued that the Supreme Court’s rationale and guidance from this civil case cannot be applied to a criminal analysis of a LEO’s use of force. For those critics, I have a question: How can a reasonable use of force under the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution violate a state criminal statute? I have yet to hear a coherent or rational answer.

          Graham v. Connor considers the interests of three key stakeholders – the law-abiding public who has a right to move about unrestricted, the government that has a right to enforce its laws, and the LEO who has an obligation to enforce the law and the right to do so without suffering injury. LEOs should know and embrace Graham. Time and again, the United States Supreme Court has demonstrated a clear recognition of the dangers inherent in the LEO’s duties, as well as their role in a peaceful society.

          Critics may scream louder than our supporters. Recent efforts in California and other states to change the analysis of a LEO’s use of force to apply a hindsight analysis are prime examples. However, the solid bedrock of Graham v. Connor provides a strong foundation for LEOs doing the work few in society are willing to do.


        • 05/30/2019 10:03 PM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

           TCOLE #3305

          ACTIVE THREAT TRAINING
          Collaborative Training for Police, Fire, and EMS

           

          Image

          HOST:                 Georgetown Police Department

          LOCATION:        Georgetown Public Safety Operations                                      & Training Center
                                      3500 DB Wood Road                                                                Georgetown, TX 78628

          DATE:                 July 22-23, 2019 ♦ 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.


          What's your response plan as a community? Are you prepared?
          This program is for Police, Fire, and EMS to train and prepare together BEFORE it happens!

          Mass Casualty Active Threat Incidents have become part of American consciousness. As guardians of the community, it's critical that fire, police, and EMS have a collaborative strategy in place. This strategy should execute sound tactical responses, focused on rapid and dynamic engagement to neutralize the threat, minimize casualties, and provide immediate medical care to the victims. That starts with this course!

           

          Lives depend on collaborative leadership and teamwork between police, fire, and EMS. This seminar will identify the core, time sensitive responsibilities required to rapidly implement unified command, security, of the casualty collection point and rescue task force tactics.

           

          Using FBI Statistics, case studies, and extensive research, Calibre has developed a 'best practice' model which will be given to each student. This model is designed to assist an agency/community in the development and implementation of a Unified Command Policy. We need to be trained and ready for anyone, anywhere, any day, for any reason.

           

          The course includes a FREE manual with recommended "best practices" for an active threat.

           

          Course topics include:

           

          Working as a Team Saves Lives!
          The Four A's of the Initial Responder
          Tactical Command, Communication, and Coordination
          Defining: Unified Command
          Leadership in a Volatile and Evolving Environment
          Developing a More Focused Training Program
          Protocol, Protocol, Protocol - Train, Train Train!
          Building a Community Response Attitude
          Rescue Task Force: Quick Assessment, Evacuation, and Rapid Transport
          The Aftermath: Media, Community, and Decompression

          Image

          Calibre Press Newsline
          Click here to read and subscribe to our newsline

          Image

          REGISTER ONLINE @ calibrepress.com

           

          Single Registration: $349
          Groups of 3+: $329 per person (use discount code AAA20)
          Groups of 6+: $309 per person (use discount code AAA40)

           
          For more information or to register a larger group, please contact    Kelsey Arnold:(630) 730-2724 or kelsey@calibrepress.com


        • 05/30/2019 9:57 PM | Troy Mondine (Administrator)

          June Classes Coming to a City Near You!

          Don't forget to take a look online at our other summer classes.

          You can also request to host a class at your department!

          Mastering Leadership Skills and Officer Performance

          Georgetown, TX

          June 10-12

          Details

          Register

          School Violence, Safety and Security Conference

          New Braunfels, TX

          June 17-19

          Details

          Register

          Hands-On Electrical Fire and Arson Investigation

          Fort Worth, TX

          June 25-27

          Details

          Register

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          Public Agency Training Council

          5235 Decatur Blvd Indianapolis, Indiana 46241

          www.patc.com

          Email: questions@patc.com

          Call: 800.365.0119


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        Call or E-mail Us:
        Office: (214) 244-7278
        E-mail: General@myTSPA.org

        Address:
        P.O. BOX 195381
        Dallas, Texas 75219

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